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A Complete Guide to Corporate Tax Services in UAE

What is UAE Corporate Tax?

Corporate tax is a tax on the profits earned by companies and businesses in the UAE. The UAE government imposes corporate tax on both local and foreign companies operating in the country, with the exception of some free zones that offer tax exemptions. The UAE corporate tax rate is currently set at 0%, making it an attractive destination for businesses and investors. However, companies in certain industries may be subject to specific taxes or fees, such as the oil and gas industry, which is subject to a tax on production. It is important for businesses operating in the UAE to understand their tax obligations and comply with the regulations set forth by the government.

Who is subject to Corporate Tax?

The efficiency and effectiveness of a business are measured by the ROI. It is calculated by dividing a company’s net income by all of its assets. ROI is a term used in accounting to describe the performance of a specific investment as well as the profitability of a company. To determine which investments are the most profitable, it is also used to compare them. Businesses can determine their overall performance and which investments are yielding the highest returns by calculating their ROI.

uae corporate tax

Who is a Resident Person? and Non-Resident Person?

Residents of the UAE, such as businesses and individuals registered in the UAE and Free Zones, and multinational corporations that are effectively managed in the UAE, are subject to taxation on income derived from both domestic and foreign sources. Non-residents, on the other hand, are only taxed on income earned from within the UAE. This includes corporate tax on taxable income attributable to any permanent establishment in the UAE or derived from state sources. Residency for corporate tax purposes is not determined by residence or domicile but instead by specific criteria set out in the Corporate Tax Law in accordance with the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and Capital.

What is a Permanent Establishment

The points mentioned on the right side are not applicable to the Personal Establishment of a Non-Resident (NR) Person if it is only used for activities such as

  • storing, displaying, delivering goods;
  • keeping stock of goods belonging to NR for processing by another person;
  • procuring goods or collecting information; or
  • any other preparatory or auxiliary activity of the NR.
Permanent Establishment

Who is Exempt from Corporate Tax?

Some businesses or organizations are not required to pay UAE Corporate Tax because of their significant role and contribution to the society and economy. These entities are called Exempt Persons which include free zone persons and other government & related entities.

  1. Free Zone Persons:
  • Companies or branches registered with Free Zones are considered Free Zone Persons, but they must meet certain criteria to qualify, such as maintaining adequate substance in the UAE and generating qualifying income as specified by the cabinet. Additionally, Free Zone Persons must comply with the Arm’s length principle and Transfer pricing policy and must not have opted to be subject to corporate tax.
  • During the Tax Incentive period, qualifying Free Zone Persons will not be subject to any Corporate Tax as per the applicable regulations of the Free Zone Authority.

2. Other Government & Related Entities:

Who is Exempt from Corporate Tax

Payments to Connected Persons

A Person shall be considered as a connected person of a taxable person, the following criteria must be met:

  • They are an owner,
  • Director, or officer of the taxable person, or
  • A related party of any of these individuals.
  • Payments or benefits provided by a taxable person to its connected person will only be deductible if they are incurred solely for the purposes of the taxable person’s business and correspond to the market value of the service or benefit provided.

Tax Group

A “Parent Company” or a Resident Person can apply to form a “Tax Group” with one or more “Subsidiaries”, which are also Resident Persons, as long as certain conditions are met.

  • The Resident Persons are juridical persons
  • The Parent Company must own a minimum of 95% of the share capital of each subsidiary.

The Parent Company is responsible for combining the financial results, assets and liabilities of each Subsidiary during the relevant Tax Period, excluding transactions between the Parent Company and each Subsidiary that is a member of the Tax Group. The unutilized Tax Losses of a Subsidiary that joins a Tax Group become carried forward Tax Losses of the Tax Group, which can be used to offset the Taxable Income of the Tax Group.

Tax Loss Relief

The taxable income of future tax periods can be reduced by offsetting tax loss against it. However, this offset cannot exceed 75% of the taxable income. In certain cases, a tax loss or a portion of it can be used to decrease the taxable income of another taxable person, provided both of them are resident juridical persons and either one of them holds at least 75% ownership interest in the other, or a third party holds at least 75% ownership interest in both of them.

Tax Loss Relief

Un Deductible Expenditure

Certain expenses can be deducted under regular accounting rules, they may not be fully deductible for Corporate Tax purposes. These expenses need to be added back to the Accounting Income to determine the Taxable Income. Some examples of expenses that may not be fully deductible include:

Un Deductible Expenditure

Registering, Filing and Paying Corporate Tax

  • The Corporate Tax Law in UAE mandates all taxable entities, including free zone entities, to register for Corporate Tax and obtain a Corporate Tax Registration Number.
  • The Federal Tax Authority may also require some exempt entities to register for UAE Corporate Tax.
  • Each taxable entity is obligated to file a Corporate Tax return for each Tax Period within 9 months from the end of the relevant period, and the deadline for paying any Corporate Tax due generally coincides with the deadline for filing the tax return.

The picture on the right-hand side shows examples of the registration, filing, and payment deadlines for taxable entities with Tax Periods (Financial Year) ending on 31 May or 31 December.

Registering, Filing and Paying Corporate Tax

How Can Maxims Assist You with Your Corporate Tax Filing?

Our team of highly skilled tax consultants in Dubai possesses vast knowledge in tax law advisory, arbitration, compliance, and litigation. Both residents and foreigners in Dubai can rely on our tax consultants for valuable insights and up-to-date information on Corporate tax in the UAE. Our corporate tax consultants in Dubai cater to the needs of both local and global businesses operating in the UAE. If you need more information about Our Additional Services, feel free to get in touch with our consultants based in UAE.